MULCASTER STREET, CAPTAIN FREDERICK GEORGE MULCASTER, British Officer at Elizabeth Castle in 1781.
When the French, under Baron de Rullecourt, invaded Jersey on 6th January 1781, he demanded, with the approval of Jersey's Lieutenant Governor Moses Corbet, the immediate surrender of Elizabeth Castle. When this demand was handed by a French soldier to Captain Mulcaster, he pocketed it, said he could not understand French and refused to surrender the Castle. The plaque reads:- "CAPTAIN F.G. MULCASTER REFUSED TO SURRENDER ELIZABETH CASTLE TO THE FRENCH, 6.1.1781. THIS STREET IS NAMED AFTER HIM."
Arms and Crest of F. G. Mulcaster
Major-General Frederick George Mulcaster, born in 1739, died in 1797.
Frederick George Mulcaster was descended from William Mulcaster of Carlisle. He attended the Royal Military Academy in Woolwich, London, then as a lieutenant in the Royal Engineers, he was assigned to the then British colony in Florida. Following the Treaty of Paris in 1763, the Spanish colonies of East and West Florida were ceded to the British who were there from 1763 to 1783. Following the departure of the British, Florida became a Spanish colony again and then in 1821 became part of the USA. When Frederick George Mulcaster arrived in Florida in 1769, he became the Surveyor General for the colony of East Florida and was based in St. Augustine. As the Surveyor General one of his responsibilities was to survey eastern Florida for fertile and arable tracts of land that could be developed by colonists. He remained in Florida until 1780 and in January 1781 he was in Saint Helier, and now a captain stationed in Elizabeth Castle.
Following his posting in Jersey, Frederick George Mulcaster held a number of important army assignments, he was promoted to the rank of Colonel in the Royal Engineers in 1794, and then to Major-General in the army in 1796. He died in 1797. He had three sons, Frederick William, William Howe and Edmund Robert all of whom had distinguished military careers. Frederick William and William Howe are described below. His third son, Captain Edmund Robert Mulcaster was killed in action in 1812 in Badajoz, Spain during the Napoleonic Wars.
Lieutenant-General Sir Frederick William Mulcaster KCH, born in 1772 in Florida, died in 1846 in Charlton
Frederick William Mulcaster was the eldest son of Frederick George Mulcaster and was born on 25 June
1772 in St. Augustine, in the then British colony of East Florida while his father served there as Surveyor
General. Frederick William Mulcaster attended the Royal Military Academy in Woolwich, London and was
commissioned into the Royal Artillery in 1792 and then transferred to the Royal Engineers in 1793 where
he spent most of his military career. He was promoted to First Lieutenant in 1793 and was posted in Portsmouth and served as Assistant Quartermaster General from 1795 to 1796. From 1797 to 1801, during the French Revolutionary War, he served in Portugal and then on the Island of Minorca. Now a Captain-Lieutenant, he was Commanding Engineer when the island was captured from the Spanish in 1798. Following that, he acted as Colonial Secretary of Minorca and then as judge in the Vice-admiralty Court for the Mediterranean. He returned to England in 1801 and held senior rôles in military ordnance, attaining the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in 1811. During the Napoleonic Wars, following the British capture of the islands Mauritius and Réunion, he was posted to Mauritius in 1812. He served there as Commanding Royal Engineer, then Surveyor General and then Colonial Secretary of the islands and during a sensitive period, was successful in restoring peace to the island of Réunion. In 1817 he returned to England and held a number of important posts, including Inspector General of Fortifications and rose to the rank of Lieutenant-General in 1838. In 1832 he received a knighthood for his distinguished services during his career. He died on 28 January 1846 at his home, Charlton Park, near Canterbury, Kent.
Captain Sir William Howe Mulcaster CB, KCH, KTS, RN, born in 1783 in Saint Helier, Jersey, died in 1837 in Dover, Kent.
Captain Sir William Howe Mulcaster RN was the second son of Frederick George Mulcaster and was born in 1783 in Saint Helier, Jersey, Channel Islands when his father was stationed there. William Howe Mulcaster joined the Royal Navy at the age of eight years as a midshipman and was made a lieutenant in early 1800. During the Napoleonic Wars, Spain was allied with France and in June 1806 Lt. Mulcaster saw action off the Spanish coast and led a party that captured five privateer Spanish luggers (fishing sized vessels) in Finisterre Bay and led a successful attack on the Spanish fort there. In July 1806 he led another party and captured an armed privateer lugger off Oporto, Portugal. For these exploits Lt. Mulcaster received very commendable mentions to the Admiralty from his captain, Sir George Collier. In January 1809 Lt. Mulcaster was on HMS Confiance, 20 guns, under Captain James Lucas Yeo when the Royal Navy and Portuguese forces captured Cayenne, the capital of French Guiana. In this exploit First Lt. Mulcaster played a leading role for which he was presented the military order of Knight of the Tower and Sword by the Prince Regent of Portugal. Later, in 1809, now Commander Mulcaster, was appointed to HMS Emulous, 18 guns, based in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada and captured French and American ships but in 1812 his ship was wrecked on Sable Island off Nova Scotia, Canada. In March 1813 he joined his old commander, James Lucas Yeo, now Commodore Sir Yeo, to be stationed at Kingston, Ontario, Canada. This was during the time of the War of 1812 between Britain and the USA and Commodore Sir Yeo was in charge of Royal Naval operations on Lake Ontario against the Americans. Cdr. Mulcaster was offered the command of the naval flotilla on Lake Erie, but due to a lack of resources decided to stay under Cmdre. Yeo and was given command of HMS St. George, 20 guns. Lake Ontario is approximately 190 miles in length and 50 miles wide, bordered to the north by Ontario, Canada and to the south by New York State, USA, so it played a very strategic part in the War of 1812. In September 1813 there was a naval engagement between the Royal Navy and the US Navy on Lake Ontario where Cdr. Mulcaster is credited with "saving the day" for Cmdre. Yeo. Cmdre. Yeo's ship HMS Wolfe, 21 guns, was badly damaged after it came under fire from the USS General Pike, 26 guns. Cdr. Mulcaster deftly manoeuvred his ship HMS St. George in between the two ships to protect Cmdre. Yeo's ship and then fired upon the USS General Pike causing it to start leaking and to veer away. For this action Cdr. Mulcaster was promoted to Captain and in April 1814 was given command of a new ship, HMS Princess Charlotte, 40 guns. During the war Capt. Mulcaster saw a great deal of action on Lake Ontario, his final engagement was in May 1814 with the storming of Fort Oswego, NY, USA. Although the action was successful, when leading the assault from the western flank, Capt. Mulcaster was severely wounded by a musket ball passing through his upper leg and was initially given only two hours to live. Sufficiently recovered, he returned home to England in 1814 but never fully recovered from his wound. Captain Mulcaster was knighted in 1831 and became the Naval Aide-de-camp to King William IV. He died at the age of 53 years on 12 March 1837 in Dover, Kent.
This last section is taken from a book by Peter Mulcaster (no relation to Capt. F. G. Mulcaster) which details the Mulcaster family and is reproduced here with his permission.